Friday, 20 January 2017

MASS MURDERER: Anders Behring Breivik                                                 

This 32-year-old killer acted as a lone wolf and on the 22nd of July 2011. he killed 78 persons and injured as many as  219  others in two locations in Norway. Before I give you the details of the murders, I will tell you something about this killer.

Following his arrest, Breivik underwent  a series of mental examinations by court-appointed forensic psychiatrists who diagnosed him as suffering from paranoid schizophrenia and concluded that he had been psychotic at the time of the attacks and as such, he was declared criminally insane when he killed his victims.

Persons suffering from Schizophrenia are relatively stable however they often have persecutory  (paranoia) delusions  believing that people are after them and their behaviors are usually accompanied by hallucinations; particularly of the auditory variety (hearing voices). They also suffer from perceptual disturbances. Perceptual distortions can result from cognitive biases or patterns of thought and deviations in judgment in particular situations. These symptoms can have a huge effect on the functioning of those sufferers and can negatively affect their quality of life.

According to his defense attorney, Breivik initially expressed surprise and felt insulted by the conclusions in the report that he was insane.  He later stated that "this provides new opportunities."

I believe that he made the statement because he knew that if he was classed as being insane, he may never be released from an institution for the insane because no psychiatrist would risk losing his reputation if Breivik killed again after he was released.  He also knew that if he is declared sane, he would have a better chance of convicting the authorities that he is no longer a danger to society. Also, if he was classed as being “mad” then his manifesto that he wrote would be considered the worthless ravings of a mad man.

Following the criticism of the psychiatric report, the court in January 2012 approved the conduct of a second psychiatric examination. The report from this examination in April 2012; declared Breivik to be sane.

I should also add that I have great concerns about psychiatrists arriving at  different conclusions when they are giving their opinions relating to a person they are examining. Obviously, one of them is wrong. The question is; which one is wrong?  I should also add that it is not uncommon for accused persons pretending that they are insane and subsequently fooling the psychiatrists examining them. Further, some psychiatrists can be fooled quite easily.

What was his real motive to kill so many people? He is an extremist. Such a person is someone who advocates or resorts to measures beyond the norm for a purpose such as political, religious or other purposes. Generally, an extremist damages property or kills or injures people with no feelings of guilt for what he or she has done.  Such a person is a supporter of extreme doctrines and/or practices.

Analysts described him as having Islamophobic views and a hatred of Islam, and as someone who considered himself as a knight dedicated to stemming the tide of Muslim immigration into Europe, including Norway. 

Breivik is linked to a 1,518-page compendium entitled— 2083: A European Declaration of Independence bearing the name of Andrew Berwick. The file was e-mailed to 1,003 addresses about 90 minutes before the bomb he created, exploded Oslo.

His statements in his compendium (manifesto) contained his  militant  far-right  ideology and  xenophobic worldview which espouses an array of political concepts; including support for varying degrees of cultural conservatism, right-wing populism, ultranationalism, Islamophobia, far-right Zionism and Serbian paramilitarism.

Among other things, in the manifesto he identified the Degrees of Beneš ( a Czech politician who served as the President of Czechoslovakia twice, from 1935–1938 and 1939–1948)  which facilitated the expulsion of Germans from Czechoslovakia after the Second World War, as an example for committing that act on European Muslims. In his manifesto he also urges the Hindus to drive Muslims out of India. He demands the gradual deportation of all Muslims from Europe from 2011 to 2083 through repatriation. He blames feminism for allowing the erosion of the fabric of European society.

There is no need for me to try and explain what he was thinking when he was writing his manifesto other than stating emphatically that in my opinion, he is a weirdo.  There are many weirdos in the world and for the most part, they are sane just as Breivik was when he wrote his manifesto and subsequently went on his murderous acts.

And now, I will tell you about the killings.

Breivik’s first attack was a car bomb explosion in Oslo (capital of Norway) within Regjeringskvartalet, the executive government quarter of Norway, at 3:15 pm. The bomb was made from a mixture of fertilizer (ammonium nitrate) and fuel oil and placed in the back of a van. The van was placed next to the tower block housing the office of Prime Minister  Jens Stoltenberg.  The explosion killed eight people and injured at least 209 people, twelve of them seriously.   

Breivik’s second attack occurred less than two hours later at a summer camp on the island of Utøya in Tyrifjorden, Buskerud. The camp was organized by the AUF, the youth division of the ruling Norwegian Labour Party.  

Breivik, dressed in a homemade police uniform and showing false identification, took a ferry to the island and opened fire at the participants, killing 68 of them outright, and injuring at least 110 people, 55 of them seriously The 69th victim died in a hospital two days after the massacre. Among the dead were personal friends of Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg, and the stepbrother of Norway's crown princess, Mette-Marit. The youngest victim was only 14 years old.

At approximately one and a half hours after the Oslo explosion, Breivik, dressed in a police uniform and presenting himself as "Martin Nilsen" from the Oslo Police Department, boarded the ferry MS Thorbjorn  at Utoykia in Tyrifjorden, a lake some 40 kilometres (25 mi) northwest of Oslo, to the island of Utøya, the location of the Norwegian Labour Party's AUF youth camp, which is organised there every summer and was attended by approximately 600 teenagers.

When Breivik arrived on the island, he presented himself as a police officer who had come over for a routine check following the bombing in Oslo. He was met by Monica Bøsei, the camp leader and island hostess. Bøsei probably became suspicious and contacted Trond Berntsen, the security officer on the island, before Breivik killed them both.

Breivik then signalled and asked people to gather around him,  he pulled out his  weapons and ammunition from a bag and indiscriminately began firing his weapons,  killing and wounding numerous people around him. He then began hunting the fleeing teenagers. He was shooting at people who were trying to escape by swimming across the lake. Survivors on the island described a scene of terror. In one example, 21-year-old survivor Dana Barzingi described how several victims wounded by Breivik pretended to be dead to survive, but he later came back and shot them again. 16-year-old Andrine Bakkene Espeland of Sarpsborg was the last victim, nearly one hour after the shooting began.

The mass shooting reportedly lasted for around an hour and a half, ending when a police special task force eventually arrived and the gunman surrendered, despite having ammunition left, at 18:35.  That is proof that this killer was a coward. It is also reported that the shooter used hollow-point] or frangible bullets  which increases tissue damage. Breivik repeatedly shouted to his victims;  "You are going to die today, Marxists!"

He did relent in his executions on some occasions: first, when an 11-year-old boy who had just lost his father (Trond Berntsen) during the shooting, stood up against him and said he was too young to die; and later, when a 22-year-old male begged for his life.

Local residents in a flotilla of motorboats and fishing dinghies sailed out to rescue the survivors who were pulled out shivering and bleeding from the water and picked up from hiding places in the bushes and behind rocks around the island's shoreline. Some survived by pretending to be dead.[97] Several campers, especially those who knew the island well, swam to the island's rocky west side and hid in the caves which are only accessible from  the  water.  Others  were  able  to  hide  away  on   the  secluded  love path. Forty seven of the campers sought refuge in the school house together with personnel from the Norwegian People's Aid. Although Breivik shot two bullets through the door, he did not get through the locked door and for this reason, the people inside this building survived.

There was a cave-like opening in a rock where 23 children from Breivik managed to hide. One of the campers (Dzhamayev) who kept guard outside also dragged three youngsters from the lake who were close to drowning.

One of the first to arrive on the scene was Marcel Gleffe, a German resident of Ski staying at Utvika Camping on the mainland. Recognizing gunshots, he piloted his boat to the island and began throwing life-jackets to young people in the water, rescuing as many as he could in four or five trips, after which the police asked him to stop. The Daily Telegraph credited him with saving up to 30 lives. Another forty were saved by Hege Dalen and Toril Hansen, a married couple on vacation in the area. Dalen was helping from land while Hansen and a neighbor camper made several trips to rescue people in the water. Several dozen more were rescued by Kasper Ilaug, who made three trips to the island. Ilaug, a local resident, received a telephone call that "something terrible" was happening on Utøya and requesting help. He initially thought the call was a prank, but acted in aby case.  Altogether, some 150 who swam away from the island were pulled out of the fjord by campers on the opposite shore.

Breivik called the 112 emergency phone number at least twice to surrender, at 6:01 and 6:26, and continued killing people in between. The police say that Breivik hung up both times. They tried to call him back but did not succeed.

The anti-terror police reached the meeting point at 6:09, but had to wait a few minutes for a boat to take them across. They reached Utøya at 6:25. When the police arrived at the scene, they were met by survivors begging the officers to throw away their weapons, as they were afraid that the men in uniforms would again open fire on them. They were assured that the police were there to rescue them.

When confronted by the heavily armed police on the island, Breivik  initially hesitated for a few seconds. When an officer yelled, "Surrender or be shot," he laid down his weapons.

Why did it take so long for the police to arrive?  The Norwegian police did not have helicopters suitable for transporting groups of police for an airdrop. The one they had is useful only for surveillance and the helicopter crew was on vacation. The only helicopters available to the Oslo-based unit were military ones parked 60 kilometres (37 mi) south of the capital at Moss Airport in Rygge, and thus the special unit could only get to the location by car where boats were docked. When the local police arrived at Utøykaia, less than 30 minutes after the first shot was fired, they could not find a suitable boat to reach the island. They were then ordered to observe and report

AUF's own ferry, the 50 passenger MS Thorbjørn, was used by Breivik to go to Utøya. Shortly after the first shot was fired, nine people were leaving the island on the ferry, among them the AUF leader Eskil Pedersen (Norwegian politician).  They feared there might be more terrorists in the area and navigated the ferry 2.7 kilometres (1.7 mi) to the north. Hence the ferry was not available to the police when they arrived at Utøykaia, where the ferry docking was supposed to be on the mainland.  

The police therefore had to use their own rigid-hulled inflatable boat (RHIB). The day of the shootings, this boat was located in Hønefoss, and had to be transported to the lake and launched before it could be used. When the anti-terror police boarded the RHIB it took on some water and after a few hundred meters, the engine stopped, probably due to water in the fuel. Two minutes later they took over a civilian boat that was sent to assist them. A minute or two later, a faster civilian boat arrived to help. Four police officers from the anti-terror police boarded the boat. Not to waste any more time the civilian couple took the police to Utøya where the shootings had taken place. 

On arriving in Utøya, the police arrested, in addition to Breivik, Anzor Djoukaev, an innocent 17-year-old survivor who represented the  Akershus  branch of AUF. The youth was reportedly stripped naked and locked up in a jail cell, located only meters away from the cell housing the self-confessed killer, Breivik. The 17-year-old, who as a child had witnessed mass murders in Chechnya, was suspected of being an accomplice because his haircut was different from that shown on his identity document, (a stupid conclusion) and because he did not react to the carnage with the same tears and hysteria as most of the other survivors. (Another stupid conclusion)  He was kept in custody for seventeen hours.  Harald Stabell, a lawyer criticized the police for failing to contact the youth's family, (who feared he was killed) and for interrogating the victim without a lawyer present. He was finally released without any charges laid against him.

Breivik was charged with terrorism for both attacks. According to his attorney, Breivik acknowledged that he was responsible for both the bomb attack and the shooting attack during his interrogation but he denied culpability, as he asserted that his actions were atrocious but necessary.

That defence would be available in times of war when aerial bombings inadvertently kill civilians but terrorists who kill indiscriminately can’t use that defence. 

At his initial arraignment on the 25th of July, Breivik was remanded into custody for eight weeks, in which the first half was to be in solitary confinement, Also  Breivik wanted to have an open hearing, and attend it wearing a uniform of his own design, but both requests were denied by the presiding judge.

District Attorney Christian Hatlo asked that Breivik be detained for eight weeks without mail or visitation. The judge ruled in favor of the prosecution, stating “The accused is an imminent danger to society and must be confined for the safety of himself and others. It is highly probable that he is guilty of the alleged crimes and imprisonment is necessary to prevent destruction of evidence.” In accordance with the prosecution's wishes, Breivik was remanded to eight weeks detention without mail or visitation, four of those in complete isolation, to be renewed no later than 19 September 2011. He was immediately transferred to Ila Landsfengsel, a maximum security prison.

On the 13th of August 2011, Breivik was taken to Utøya by police to recreate his actions on the day of the massacre. Wearing a bulletproof vest and a leash, Breivik was seen to mimic his shooting actions. Neither the media nor the public was alerted to the operation. The police explained that the surprise walk-through was necessary because Breivik was to be charged and tried for all 77 murders individually. The police deemed it less offensive to the survivors to do it then rather than during the trial. Over the course of eight hours, Breivik  willingly showed the police exactly how he had carried out all of the 69 murders on the island,

On the evening of the 14th of August, the police held a press conference about the reconstruction. It was reported that Breivik was not unmoved by his return to Utøya, but that he showed no remorse which is typical of a psychopath.

On 24 August, Breivik was found to be sane by the panel of five judges. He was sentenced to preventative detention (forvaring), a sentence of 21 years in prison which can be repeatedly extended by 5 years as long as he is considered a threat to society. This is the maximum sentence allowed by Norwegian law, and it is the only way to allow for life imprisonment

I should point out that in the United States, any terrorist who is convicted of murder during a terrorist act can be executed or alternatively sentenced to natural life in prison. In Canada, a nurse (at the time of this writing) is charged with eight counts of murder. If convicted (and that is a foregone conclusion) she will serve eight 25-year sentences of imprisonment consecutively.

In 1985, I was invited by the United Nations to address a UN crime conference in Milan, Italy. One of my speeches dealt with the sentencing of convicted terrorists who killed their victims.

In my speech, I advocated that if the evidence is obvious by the trial judges and the Supreme Court of the land after studying the transcript of the trial is convinced that the trial was fair, the sentence of death is to be carried out immediately thereafter. Further, his body was to be cremated and placed in a steel bottle and dumped into the ocean so that no one will pray over his grave.

The government of Italy asked the UN to permit me to address the delegates from the more than 100 nations attending the conference because the government wanted to record my speech on television and show it on TV in Italy that night. The UN agreed. My speech was shown all over Italy that night.

It is conceivable that Breivik may actually be released from prison after serving 21 years in custody. It that were to happen, it would be a slap in the face of all the families of the victims he murdered. It would mean that he served approximately three and a half months for the deaths of each of his victims.

It costs the taxpayers of Norway $1.7 million dollars annually for all the 21 years this mass killer must serve in prison. If he is released after serving the 21 years, the taxpayers will have paid out thirty-five million, seven hundred thousand dollars to house and feed him. Are any murderous terrorists worth that much money? I hardly think so.

Meanwhile, he isn’t kept in a tiny sparse cell. Breivik had one cell for living, another for studying and a third for physical exercise He also has a private bathroom. They are all connected as a unit. He had visits with his mother until she died. Her visits with her son were the only visits he had with anyone outside the prison. He has been provided with exercise equipment, (a treadmill) a DVD player, games console, typewriter and books and newspapers,  This Norwegian mass murderer is living in luxury.

He said in his complaint to a court that his isolation was having a negative impact on his health, and he complained about the quality of the prison food – including microwaved meals that he described as “worse than water-boarding” – and having to eat with plastic cutlery.

Judge Helen Andenaes Sekulic of the Oslo district court ruled that the Norwegian state had broken article 3 of the convention. She said that the prohibition of inhuman and degrading treatment “represents a fundamental value in a democratic society. She also said in a written decision. “This applies no matter what – also in the treatment of terrorists and killers.” The judge ordered the government to pay Breivik’s legal costs of 331,000 kroner (£35,000). The judge however, rejected another of Breivik’s requests to loosen restrictions on his visitors and communications with the outside world. I don’t know how the prison deals with the ruling about Breivik’s isolation but I am convinced he still stays is his cell most of the time.  There are between 20,000 to 25,000 inmates in the U.S. in total isolation and they don’t have the amenities given to this mass killer.  

What this killer has on his mind is “ME. ME, ME and fuck the rest of you.”

Has he reformed? Let me answer that question by giving you another  question. Do you think he is ready for release after having given the Nazi salute when he appeared before Judge Sekulic and having also said that he has a plan to escape prison and execute a “bonus operation? 

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